Nikola Trbojevic - verkefnalýsing

Áhrif landnáms á skóglendi Íslands á víkingaöld
Thesis supervisor: Orri Vésteinsson
The process of settlement in Iceland in the late 9th and early 10th centuries was followed by an enormous amount of woodland clearance which resulted in significant and long-term consequences for the island’s fragile environment. The exploitation of woodlands, whether for fuel, building material or clearance to open up new arable land and pasture, was a process which however did not have a constant and uniform impact, but a more complex one that underwent changes throughout the settlement period. My research is focused on clarifying this environmental impact which is today recognized as one of the most significant changes that the natural environment has sustained in Iceland. The principal aim of the project is to explain, by relying mostly on the extant archaeological research and through the use of Agent-Based Modelling, the process of deforestation and to determine whether deliberate strategy or the unintended consequences of other activities played the greater part in the deforestation process. This research project will also clarify for what particular requirements of the settlement population and at which locations deforestation first started, what the rate of exploitation was, what part each of the requirements of the settlement population played in the overall process of deforestation and what is particularly important for understanding the settlement economy and its impact on vegetation - how the needs, interests, aims and concerns of tenants and large land-owners overlapped and affected the state of the woodlands during this period. Finally, the results of the study will contribute not only to the interpretation of the environmental impact of the settlement period, but also to the interpretation of the development of the settlement society.

Þú ert að nota: